In the years 1912 and 1913, during the first Balkan war, Montenegro occupied Plav and Gusinje, while Monetengro Army killed 1,800 Bosniaks and Albanians. Priests of the Orthodox Church have forcibly converted 12,500 muslims, Bosniaks and Albanians, from the region.
Historical experts and researchers have confirmed that Montenegro committed war crimes and genocide in Plav and Gusinje. That was the seventh genocide committed by Serbs and Montenegrins against Bosniaks. In addition to mass murder of Bosniaks and Albanians, the war criminals have systematically raped women, plunder goods from homes, and exterminated Bosniaks and Albanians of the region.
Direct responsibility for these war crimes bears the leadership of Montenegro led by king Nikola and the Orthodox Church.